miércoles, 10 de abril de 2013

Relative pronouns

4º ESO


Cuando se quiere unir dos frases en las que el sujeto que realiza la acción es el mismo, se sustituye el segundo sujeto por un pronombre relativo, que puede ser WHO o THAT, si el sujeto es una persona, y WHICH o THAT, si el sujeto es un animal o una cosa.

She is the girl. She wrote the book.
She is the girl who/that wrote the book.




That is the dog. It barks at night.
That's the dog which/that barks at night.





Pero los relativos no sólo sustituyen a sujetos. También pueden sustituir a complementos.

I like the people. They live next door.
I like the people who/that live next door.



I bought a car. It doesn't go.
I bought a car which/that doesn't go.



That's the office. My husband works there.
That's the office where my husband works.

That is the place. Everything happened there.
That is the place where everything happened.




Pronombres relativos
Referidos a
Who
Personas
Which
Objetos/ideas
Where
Lugares


Omisión de relativos

Cuando la persona de la que hablamos no realiza la acción, sino que la sufre, se puede suprimir el pronombre relativo al unir las dos oraciones; aunque si no se suprime no es incorrecto. Observa que esto no es posible en español.

That's the man. I saw him.

That's the man I saw. 
o That's the man who/that I saw.

That's the car. I bought it.

That's the car I bought.
o That's the car which/that I bought.

Preposiciones y adverbios

Hay verbos que llevan partículas (sean adverbios o preposiciones). En las frases de relativo la preposición o adverbio queda tras el verbo y puede ocupar el último lugar en la frase si no hay complemento.

He is the man. I spoke to him.
He's the man I spoke to.

This is the book. You were looking for it.
This is the book you were looking for.




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