miércoles, 24 de abril de 2013

Differences between will and might

Will

Indica que estamos seguros de lo que va a ocurrir, o bien que la opinión que expresamos es muy firme.

                Definitely

Lucy will support your new campaign.






Might 


Describe hechos que es posible que sucedan y expresamos opiniones sobre las que no estamos muy seguros.

                Maybe

They might boycott that supermarket.




viernes, 19 de abril de 2013

Future


2ºESO


Will

Afirmativa

                                         Contraído

I/you                               I’ll /you’ll
He/she/it         will go      He’ll/she’ll/it’ll          go
We/you/they                   We/you/they’ll

Negativa

Contraído

I/you                               I/you
He/she/it    will not go     He/she/it                 won’t go
We/you/they                   We/you/they

Interrogativa


Will I/you/he/she/it/we/you/they go?
                               
Yes, I/you/he/she/it/we/you/they will.                   
No, I/you/he/she/it/we/you/they won’t.        

Usos


·         Predicciones sobre el futuro porque pensamos, adivinamos o sabemos que sucederá así. Se utiliza acompañado de: think, believe, in my opinion.
              I think it will rain tomorrow.





              In my opinion Sarah won’t pass her exam.








·         Decisión repentina tomada en el mismo momento de hablar.
              (The telephone is ringing) I’ll go and answer it.







First Conditional

2º ESO

First Conditional (Possible Conditions)



If + sujeto + verbo en presente
sujeto + will/won’t + infinitivo

                   If you run, you’ll be on time.
                        If you don’t run, you won’t be on time.





                        If she practises, she’ll succeed.
                        If she doesn’t practise, she won’t succeed.






                        If they revise, they’ll pass the exam.
                        If the don’t revise, they won’t pass the exam.





  • La proposición encabezada por if puede aparecer en la primera o en la segunda parte de la frase.
  • Cuando la proposición con if encabeza la frase, va seguida de una coma.
               If you call me, I’ll give you his address.
                   I’ll give you his address if you call me.



  • Situaciones posibles si se cumple la condición establecida.

jueves, 18 de abril de 2013

Will and Be going to


3º ESO

Will/Be going to




Will

Be going to

·         Predicciones sobre el futuro porque pensamos, adivinamos o sabemos que sucederá así. Se utiliza acompañado de: think, believe, in my opinion.

      I think it will rain tomorrow.








In my opinion Sarah won’t pass her exam.



·         Decisión repentina tomada en el mismo momento de hablar.

(The telephone is ringing)
       I’ll go and answer it.

·         1st conditional

       If you don’t work hard, you won’t pass your exam.

·         Invitaciones, ofrecimientos o promesas.

       I’ll peel the potatoes.


       Will you come to lunch?






       I’ll pay you back next week.






  • Planes cercanos, decisiones e intenciones firmes.

      I’m going to study maths at the University.


  • Para predecir el futuro porque lo percibimos (a través de los sentidos), vemos que va a suceder así (a causa de una situación presente).

      Look! It’s going to rain.



                 
 Mary is pregnant. She’s going to have a baby.










lunes, 15 de abril de 2013

Comparatives and superlatives


2ºESO

Comparatives and Superlatives





Adjetivos 1 sílaba
Adjetivos de 2 sílabas que terminen en –y,    -le, -er, -ow
Adjetivos de 2
o más sílabas
Comparativo
-er (than)
more +adj+(than)
Superlativo
(the)-est
(the) most + adj

Particularidades

1.     Si el adjetivo termina en una –e, se añade –r o –st.
wide   wider widest
2.    Si termina en consonante vocal consonante. La consonante final se duplica y se añade –er o –est.
big     bigger         biggest







3.    Si acaba en consonante + y, la y se transforma en i y se añade –er/est.
friendly       friendlier    friendliest

Formas irregulares


Adjetivo
Comparativo
Superlativo
Good
Better
Best
Bad
Worse
Worst
Far
Further/Farther
Furthest/Farthest

Comparativo Igualdad                     
(not) as + adj + as (tan como)
He’s as tall as me.
She isn’t as old as him.
Comparativo/Superlativo de Inferioridad
less + adj + than (menos … que)
                          Your car is less fast than my car.
the least + adj (el menos …)
                     It is the least expensive.

miércoles, 10 de abril de 2013

Relative pronouns

4º ESO


Cuando se quiere unir dos frases en las que el sujeto que realiza la acción es el mismo, se sustituye el segundo sujeto por un pronombre relativo, que puede ser WHO o THAT, si el sujeto es una persona, y WHICH o THAT, si el sujeto es un animal o una cosa.

She is the girl. She wrote the book.
She is the girl who/that wrote the book.




That is the dog. It barks at night.
That's the dog which/that barks at night.





Pero los relativos no sólo sustituyen a sujetos. También pueden sustituir a complementos.

I like the people. They live next door.
I like the people who/that live next door.



I bought a car. It doesn't go.
I bought a car which/that doesn't go.



That's the office. My husband works there.
That's the office where my husband works.

That is the place. Everything happened there.
That is the place where everything happened.




Pronombres relativos
Referidos a
Who
Personas
Which
Objetos/ideas
Where
Lugares


Omisión de relativos

Cuando la persona de la que hablamos no realiza la acción, sino que la sufre, se puede suprimir el pronombre relativo al unir las dos oraciones; aunque si no se suprime no es incorrecto. Observa que esto no es posible en español.

That's the man. I saw him.

That's the man I saw. 
o That's the man who/that I saw.

That's the car. I bought it.

That's the car I bought.
o That's the car which/that I bought.

Preposiciones y adverbios

Hay verbos que llevan partículas (sean adverbios o preposiciones). En las frases de relativo la preposición o adverbio queda tras el verbo y puede ocupar el último lugar en la frase si no hay complemento.

He is the man. I spoke to him.
He's the man I spoke to.

This is the book. You were looking for it.
This is the book you were looking for.




INDEFINITE PRONOUNS


SOMETHING
SOMEONE
SOMEBODY
SOMEWHERE



Oraciones afirmativas


I think there's somebody at the front door.



ANYTHING
ANYONE
ANYBODY
ANYWHERE



Oraciones negativas e interrogativas



Did you go anywhere interesting on holiday?



EVERYTHING
EVERYONE
EVERYBODY
EVERYWHERE




Oraciones afirmativas



Everyone wants to go to the party.



NOTHING
NO ONE
NOBODY
NOWHERE




Oraciones afirmativas



Nobody listens to me.









Reflexive pronouns

4ºESO

Reflexive pronouns; each other

Pronombres reflexivos

  • Los pronombres reflexivos se utilizan cuando el sujeto y el objeto coinciden.

                               Carlos taught himself to play the violin.




  • Se utilizan para describir acciones reflexivas.


                                      myself
                                      yourself
                                      himself
                                      herself
                                      itself
                                      ourselves
                                      yourselves
                                      themselves

Each other


  • Se utiliza para referirse a acciones recíprocas. 


                                   We always send each other postcards.










lunes, 8 de abril de 2013

TRIVIA QUESTIONS

2ºESO


You can find here different trivia questions.
Have a look!
They are quite interesting.

buzzle.com/articles/trivia-questions-and-answers.html

Urban Tribes

4º ESO

Project about Urban Tribes






















You can have a look here.

listas.20minutos.es/lista/tribus-urbana
or
youtube.com/watch?v=3xFyFSzice0
This is a South American video but it can help you with the project.
You can also follow the example on page 114 about Punks.



MODAL VERBS

3ºESO
Unit 6 Modal Verbs

Should/Must


  • Tienen una única forma para todas las personas.
  • Se utilizan con el infinitivo del verbo sin to.
  • Sus formas negativas son shouldn't/mustn't.



                               You should get good qualifications.

                               They mustn't cheat in the exam.



  • Should se utiliza para dar consejos y hacer recomendaciones.

                              You should study harder.
                              You shouldn't stay up so late.

  • Must hace referencia a cosas importantes tales como una regla o una ley.

                               You must wear a motorbike helmet.
                               You mustn't write in pen.
Have to/Don't have to

  • No tiene una única forma para todas las personas. La forma afirmativa en la 3ª persona del singular sería has to y en la forma negativa doesn't have to.

  • Describe algo que es necesario hacer siguiendo una norma o debido a las circunstancias.

                             At my school, we have to wear a uniform.
                            She has to catch a bus to school. It's too far to walk.

  • Don't have to indica que no es necesario hacer algo.
                           We don't have to walk far to school because we live close to school.

Must /Have to

  • Significan casi lo mismo. 
                            I must do my homework tonight.
  • Must se utiliza para describir algo que el hablante considera necesario.
                           You must do your homework now.
  • Have to indica que son las circunstancias las que obligan a hacer algo. 
                           I have to go to the library because I need some books.
  • Don't have to indica que no es necesario hacer algo.
                          We don't have to clean the house because it's already clean.
  • Lo contrario de must y have to es mustn't.
  • Don't have to no es lo contrario de must y have to.
                           You mustn't be late.










Work of the book

Reader Report ESO

3º ESO



At the top - Arriba
At the bottom - Abajo
In the middle - En el centro
On the left - A la izquierda
On the right - A la derecha
In the top left-hand corner- En la esquina arriba a la izquierda
In the top right-hand corner - En la esquina arriba a la derecha
In the bottom left-hand corner - En la esquina abajo a la izquierda
In the bottom right-hand corner- En la esquina abajo a la derecha
In the upper part - En la parte de arriba
In the lower part - En la parte de abajo
In the background - En la parte de atrás
In the foreground - En la parte de delante
On either side - A ambos lados

Reader Report ESO

Title of the book:...........................
Nº Pages: ...........................
Publishing house: .....................................................................
Type of Story(science-fiction, comedy, romantic, horror, mistery...):..............................................................................
Description of the cover/front of the book:
................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Name the main characters:
................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Settings: name the main places (the city, the country, a house, one part of the house, the park, ...):
................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Describe two characters (physical description and personality):
........................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
Summary:
................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

Find and translate into your own language: 
10 nouns/10 adjectives/ 10 verbs/ 10 adverbs.

Nouns
English          Spanish









Adjectives
English          Spanish









Verbs
English          Spanish









Adverbs
English          Spanish









Personal opinion:
............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................